If you are an individual that is involved in physical activity or an athlete that pushes the boundaries of your physical limit regularly, then you are probably familiar with dehydration and its effects on the body.
If you are not very familiar with dehydration, then this is a very important article for you to read. We will discuss dehydration, its effects on athletes and how to prevent it.
Dehydration And Its Effects: What Is Dehydration?
Internally, the human body is made up of about 65% of water. The water in the body contributes a lot to a system known as The circulatory system. It is this system that allows blood to circulate and transport nutrients and oxygen around.
Dehydration is said to occur when the body loses more water than it takes in and the metabolic processes of the body are affected.
Dehydration And Its Effects: What Are The Causes Of Dehydration?
It is a common misconception to think that only sporting activities can result in dehydration. Dehydration can occur both in the young and the elderly from not consuming enough water.
Some of the causes of dehydration include:
- Excessive Vomiting
- Increased Urination
- Excessive sweating following strenuous physical activities
Dehydration And Its Effects: People At Risk Of Getting Dehydrated
Although anyone can get dehydrated, there are people that are more likely to get dehydrated than the others. These people are:
- Older adults: As you get older, the ability of your body to store water reduces.
- Children: Children are more likely to get dehydrated because some of them cannot tell you that they feel thirsty.
- People who exercise or perform sporting activities when it is hot and humid.
Dehydration And Its Effects: What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Dehydration?
Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration:
- You notice that your tongue and mouth are dry.
- The volume of your urine is low and more yellowish than it usually is.
- A headache.
- You are more thirsty than normal.
- Your skin is dry.
- You feel dizzy and lightheaded.
- You feel general discomfort.
- Unexplained tiredness.
If you notice any of these symptoms or if your friend complains to you and mentions any of the symptoms listed above, then you should immediately begin to drink water. If things do not improve and lightheadedness gets worse, it may be time to go to the hospital.
Dehydration And Its Effects: Dehydration And Sporting Performance
Losing body fluid can result in fatigue which can significantly reduce the performance of an athlete. A dehydrated athlete will notice a decrease in concentration, decision-making abilities, and reaction time. Drinking one to two cups of water about an hour before your exercise or competition will help to keep you hydrated and reduce fatigue. Then drinking water after the completion of the exercise will also help to prevent an exercise-induced dehydration.
Dehydration And Its Effects: Treatment Of Dehydration
The gold standard for the treatment of dehydration is oral rehydration therapy (ORT) or fluid and electrolytes replacement through intravenous therapy. The chosen treatment method is based on the severity of dehydration. The best way to avoid this fate is to stay hydrated at all times.